Herpes in the Mouth
Herpes in Mouth is also known as oral Herpes and should be differentiated from Genital Herpes. The Herpes Simplex Virus, type 1, or HSV-1 causes oral herpes. It results in small and painful sores or blisters near the mouth, also known as fever blisters. Another name for oral herpes is herpes labialis.
Herpes in the mouth or oral herpes is caused by HSV-1. This virus infects most people before the age of 20. The virus enters the body and typically goes to sleep or becomes dormant in the nerves of the face. It reactivates from time to time causing cold sores on the mouth and the face.
Oral Herpes is very infections and can be easily caught from others having the infection. If you touch something infected by the virus, such as towels, utensils, lip balm or razors used by an infected person, you can easily catch the virus. The virus can also enter the body if you have intimate contact with the infected person. Infected parents can easily spread the virus to their children through daily activities and physical contact.
Some infected people get mouth ulcers when they get infected with the HSV-1 virus, whereas others do not show any symptoms. Such symptoms are generally seen in children below the age of five years. The symptoms can be mild or severe, differing from individual to individual. The symptoms of oral herpes are usually seen within one to three weeks after coming in contact with the infected person. They can last for even up to three weeks. Some of the warning symptoms of oral herpes are:
- itching near the mouth or the lips;
- burning of the mouth area;
- or a tingling feeling around the lips and mouth area;
- before the appearance of the blisters, the person can also have fever, a sore throat, swollen glands and pain during swallowing.
The blisters are usually seen on the mouth, the throat, the lips and the gums.
The blisters could be triggered due to various factors once HSV-1 virus infects the person. A fever or staying out in the sun can lead to an outbreak. Too much stress, menstruation or changes in hormones can also result in an outbreak. The symptoms are usually more serious during the primary infection and get milder in subsequent outbreaks.
In some cases, the symptoms disappear on their own even without any treatment within a week or two weeks. Medications can also help fight the virus, through the use of antiviral medicines. Medicines, such as Acyclovir, Famciclovir and Valcyclovir are generally used for treating mouth sores.